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Full text of "Custom House regulations at San Francisco, California, February 1864"

SAN FRANCISCO 
HISTORY CENTER 




SAN FRANCISCO 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 

SAN FRANCISCO PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1223 90149 0574 



REFERENCE BOOK 

Not to be taken from the Library 



CUSTOM HOUSE 



REGULATIONS 



FEBRUARY, 1864. 



SAN FRANCISCO: 
EDWAED BOSQUI & CO., 517 CLAY STREET. 

1864. 



CAL 

REF 

336.26,Un305r 

United States. Custom 

House 

Custom House 

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ORY ROOM 

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68P-1 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Abbreviations 4 

Local Circular 5 

Correspondence 7 

Regulations 9 

Sec. 1. Boarding Officers 9 

2. Inspectors 11 

3. Weighers 24 

4. Gaugers 29 

5. Export Inspectors 31 

6. Inspector of Coasting Vessels 33 

7. Surveyor's Department 34 

8. Drat age 35 

9. Miscellaneous 36 

10. Extracts of Laws regulating Vessels engaged in 

Foreign Trade 43 

11. Tares 49 

12. Synopsis of Laws regulating Coasting Trade, etc 51 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



'92 Act of Dec. 31st, 1792. 

'93 Act of Feb. 18th, 1793. 

'99 Act of March 2d, 1799. 

'61 Act of March 2d, 1861. 

L Local Regulations. 

T. R Treasury Regulations. 

Oir Treasury Circular. 



LOCAL CIRCULAR. 



CUSTOM HOUSE, SAN FRANCISCO, ) 
Febeuaky 11th, 1864. ) 

In pursuance of instructions received from the Treasury Department, 
the attention of all functionaries, employed in the Custom House at 
this Port, is directed to the following regulations : 

1. The hours for the transaction of business with merchants and 
others shall be from 9 o'clock, a.m., to 3 o'clock, p.m., and for the 
functionaries belonging to this Port the office hours will be from 9 
o'clock, a.m., to 4 o'clock, p.m., or until the business of the day shall 
be accomplished, according to the requirements of the Collector of the 
Port. 

2. All the employes, in the respective departments of the Custom 
House, are required to remain at their desks during office hours as above 
specified. 

3. The messengers are required to give their punctual attendance on 
duty during office hours, and no messenger shall be sent from his post 
on any message or business not connected with the official functions of 
the Custom House. 

4. All functionaries are prohibited from reading, during office hours, 
newspapers, pamphlets, or other things not connected with the business 
of the office, and from engaging in irrelevant conversation. 

5. All visits on private business by friends and lounging in the office 
are prohibit^! . 



6 

6. All functionaries are required to give their undivided attention to 
their respective official duties during office hours, and are prohibited 
from attending to their private business while at their desks. 

7. Smoking in the Custom House during office hours is prohibited. 

8. Absence from the office, except in case of sickness or as provided 
for in the following section, will not be permitted. Leave of absence 
will not be granted for more than fourteen days in the year, unless the 
sanction of the Secretary of the Treasury is first obtained. During 
absence, the absentee must provide for the discharge of the duties of 
his desk. 

9. In the several departments of the Custom House a reasonable 
absence, between the hours of 12 and 1 o'clock, for lunch, will be 
allowed, under such regulations, by the head of each department, as 
will not interfere with the business of the office. 

In order to facilitate public business and to secure that attention 
which it properly demands, the undersigned are required to promulgate 
and strictly enforce the foregoing rules. Every violation will be noticed 
as an act of insubordination, and subject the offender to peremptory dis- 
missal from office. 

Under the regulations of the Treasury Department, it becomes our 
imperative duty to require a strict compliance with these rules, in order 
to promote a faithful administration of the Kevenue Laws. 

CHARLES. JAMES, Collector. 
tV. B. FARWELL, Xaval Officer. 
JKO. T. McLEAX, Surveyor. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 



SURVEYOR'S OFFICE, \ 
Feb. 11th, 1864. I 

The attention of Inspectors is particularly called to the following 
instructions and regulations from the Collector, all of which will be 
rigidly enforced. 

JNO. T. McLEAN, Surveyor. 



CUSTOM HOUSE, SAX FRANCISCO, ) 
Collector's Office, Feb. 11th, 1864. / 
Sir: 

In obedience to instructions from the Secretary of the Treasury, hav- 
ing in view an efficient and economical administration of the Revenue 
Laws, I have to request that you will report to me, in writing, as 
follows : 

1. All cases in which Inspectors, placed in charge of vessels, absent 
themselves from duty without my written permission, indorsed by you 
as Surveyor of the Port. 

2. Intemperance while on duty and general dissipation. 

3. Inefficiency or disobedience of orders. 

4. Absence without authority when in aid or awaiting orders. 

I have further to request that you will cause a copy of the follow- 
ing order from the Secretary of the Treasury to be furnished each 
Inspector : 

"No Inspector will receive compensation while he is absent from his 
duty, unless excused. Such absence, when reported, will be sufficient 
cause for withholding an Inspector's compensation." 

A report made by you to me of a failure to comply with any of the 
regulations will subject the offender to a peremptory dismissal from 
office. 

Please furnish a copy of this communication, and of the Custom 
House Regulations, to each of tho Inspectors, Weighers, G augers, and 
other Officers under your supervision. 

Very respectfully your obedient servant, 

CHARLES JAMES, Collector. 
Jno. T. McLea>% Esq., 

Surveyor of the Port, 

San Francisco, <'al. 



REGULATIONS. 



SECTION I. 

BOARDING OFFICERS. 
It is the duty of Boarding Officers : 

1. To board all vessels arriving from foreign or Atlantic ports as soon 
as practicable after their arrival in the harbor, and to put an Inspector 
in charge of each vessel arriving from foreign ports. (L.) 

2. To keep a register of all vessels arriving from foreign ports, and 
report the same to the Collector and Surveyor on the opening of the 
Custom House each morning. (L.) 

3. To demand of the master of every vessel, arriving from any foreign 
port or place, the production of a manifest of the cargo on board, which 
he will inspect and certify as the Original Manifest produced to him, 
and return it to the master for delivery to the Collector on entering the 
vessel. He will also require a true copy to be provided, subscribed, and 
delivered to him by the master, which, after careful examination and 
comparison with the Original Manifest, he will certify as a copy, and 
transmit such copy to the Collector. ('99, Sec. 25; T. R. Art. 87.) 

4. To report immediately to the Surveyor the names of vessels arriv- 
ing without manifests or of masters who refuse to answer their ques- 
tions. (Id. Sec. 26.) 

5. To sec that the vessel and cabin Stores remaining on board at the 
time of the vessel's arrival, are properly reported on the manifests. (Id, 
Sec. 23.) 



10 



6. To cause the crew to be mustered, and compare the same with the 
crew list, and certify the list. (Feb. 28th, 1803, Sec. 1.) 

7. To cause Consul's destitute seamen, if any on hoard, to be mus- 
tered, and compare same with Consul's certificate, and certify the fact 
of arrival on the certificate. (Id. Sec. 4.) 

8. Officers of the Customs are authorized to examine and search any 
vessel for letters which may be on board, or that have been carried and 
transported contrary to law. (T. E. Art. 105.) 

9. The Boarding Officer will require of the captain, or other officer, 
the letter bag or bags and all letters he may have on board under his 
control, which he will examine in presence of the captain, or other 
officer. The letters and packages must then be replaced in the bag or 
bags, Milled up, and placed in the custody of the officer of tl. 

to be by him delivered at the Post-Office, and a receipt obtained there- 
for from the Postmaster. 

All letters or packages suspected of containing articles liable to duty, 
whether directed to the owner, consignee, or other person, must be 
taken in charge and deposited in the Surveyor's Office, and notice given 
to the person or persons to whom directed to cause the same to be 
opened in the presence of that officer. (T. K. Art. 105.) 

10. The Boarding Officer will see that the Barge Office and its appur- 
tenances, the Kevenue Boats, and other Government property, under hi8 
control, are kept in good order ; and he will make requisitions on the 
Collector, through the Surveyor, for any necessary repairs or supplies, 
anticipating, as far as practicable, the necessity of such repairs, etc., 
that the requisite authority may be obtained for making the expend- 
iture. (L.) 

11. The Bargemen will hold themselves in readiness at all times for 
the performance of their duties, and will remain at the post assigned 
them by the Boarding Officer— in no case absenting themselves without 
his permission. (L.) 

12. 'Whenever temporary Bargemen are required, the fact should be 
reported at once to the Surveyor. Xo extra payment for such tem- 
porary employment can be allowed, except as hereinafter provided. (L ) 



11 

SECTION II. 

INSPECTORS. 

1. Inspectors, when not on duty on board of vessels, must report 
themselves at the Barge Office, and enter their names for duty, and 
remain in attendance, from sunrise to sunset, until assigned to a vessel. 
(*99, Sec. 53.) 

2. Inspectors, on their assignment to duty, will be furnished by the 
Surveyor with the necessary books and stationery required by them, 
and also with a set of Custom House locks, and an official seal, and will 
be held responsible for their return at any time when called for by the 
Surveyor. (Id.) 

3. When an Inspector is put on board a ship or vessel, he should make 
known, to the person having charge or command of such ship or vessel, 
the nature of the duties he is to perform. (Id.) 

4. Inspectors, superintending the discharge of vessels, are not per- 
mitted to be employed or engaged in any other service. They are 
authorized to examine the cargoes of such vessels, and to perform such 
other duties, according to law, as they shall be directed by the Collector 
or Surveyor to perform for the better securing the collection of the 
Kcvenue. (Id.) 

5. On the arrival of a vessel from a foreign port with passengers, the 
baggage of the passengers is usually first discharged on a Baggage Per- 
mit. Baggage containing wearing apparel and other personal effects, 
used abroad by persons arriving in the United States is free from duty. 
Household effects are not exempt from duty unless it satisfactorily 
appear they have been in use one year prior to importation. (Cir. April 
12th, 1847.) Inspectors arc required to carefully examine all baggage 
before delivery, and if found to contain dutiable articles to send the 
same to the Appraisers' Stoke. This duty should be performed 
courteously, but strictly, avoiding unnecessary trouble or delay to pas- 



12 



sengers. A Baggage Certificate must be at once given to the owner to 
enable him to get his merchandise. ('99, Sec. 46.) 

6. Samples, or packages marked as samples, should be sent to the 
Sample Office at the Appraisers' Store without any special order. 
(L.) 

7. Inspectors must remain on board the vessel to which they are 
assigned, whether the vessel is discharging or not, from the rising until 
the setting of the sun (Sundays and Fourth of July excepted), and 
must not leave the vessel, except at the time the stevedore stops work 
for dinner, without written permission from the Surveyor. ('99, Sec. 53.) 

8. During the absence of the Inspector the hatches, store-room, etc., 
must be secured with locks and seals, and no cargo allowed to be dis- 
charged. (Id. Sec. 54.) 

9. When two Inspectors are assigned to one vessel, both should be 
and remain on duty as long as their services are required, and one 
should not leave the vessel in charge of his associate unless leave is 
granted by the Surveyor. (Id. Sec. 53.) 

10. In cases of necessary absence, the Surveyor of the Port will 
appoint another Inspector to supply the place of the absentee, on due 
notice. (Id. ; Cir. Nov. 9th, 1847.) 

11. Inspectors will allow no goods to be landed or delivered without 
a Permit in writing, duly signed by the Collector and Xaval Officer 
(except they are ordered to the Appraisers' Store or a Bois-ded 
Warehouse, when the signature of the Collector only is required). 
(Cir. Feb. 17th, 1849.) 

Goods from a foreign port must be unladen or delivered between the 
rising and setting of the sun, and at no other time, except by special per- 
mission, in writing, of the above-named officers. Merchandise unladen, 
or delivered, otherwise than herein directed, will be seized, and the 
Inspector, permitting such delivery or unlading, will be discharged from 
the public service. ('99, Sec. 50.) 



L3 



12. The Inspector will be careful to see that the description Of goods 
in the Permit corresponds precisely with the goods delivered as to 
denomination, marks, and numbers. (Id. Sec. 53.) 

Interlineations and erasures on Permits are to be disregarded, unless 
checked by the initials of the Collector and Naval Officer. Should the 
appearance of any package indicate that damage has occurred on the 
voyage of importation, the Inspector will keep a strict account of such 
packages or articles, and make a written report thereof as soon as prac- 
ticable to the Collector, noting the same in his Return of cargo dis- 
charged. (Cir. Nov. 26th, 1846.) 

13. When the description of goods named in a Permit is underscored, 
it indicates that the goods are to be weighed, gauged, or measured. (L.) 

14. Packages to be sent to the Appraisers' Store for examination 
will be designated by the Deputy Collector in the margin of the Permit. 
(T. K. Art. 228.) 

15. "Whenever a package is ordered by mark and number on a Permit 
to the Appraisers' Store for examination, and two or more packages 
are found with the corresponding mark and number, as ordered, both 
or all of such marks and numbers must be sent, (L.) 

16. When the mark and number or description of any package varies 
from the Permit, such package must be sent to the Unclaimed Ware- 
house, as not agreeing with the Permit, and the fact noted by the 
Inspector on the Permit and on his Returns. ('99, Sec. 49.) 

17. In order to save to importers the expense, trouble, and delay to 
which they would be subjected when their merchandise is sent to the 
Unclaimed Store, for the reason that the marks and numbers do not 
agree with the Permit, the Inspector is directed, whenever he finds dis- 
crepancies between the Permit and the marks and numbers on the pack- 
ages, unci there is no doubt as to the identity of the merchandise, to note 
mi the Permit the marks or numbers as they come up, and cither send 
or take the Permit to the Collector's Otfice for correction, or for author- 
ity to land or send the merchandise as found. The Inspector will keep 
the merchandise in his possession until the Permit is returned. (L.) 



14 



18. When packages have have been sent from a vessel under General 
Order, either before a Permit therefor has been received, or because the 
marks or numbers on the packages did not agree with the Permit, on 
application of the importer the Inspector will give a Certificate staring 
the fact. A memorandum must be made in the Discharging-Book of 
each Certificate given. If duplicate Certificates are given for any reason, 
the word "Duplicate" must be written distinctly across the face of 
the second, and note made of the same in the Discharging-Book and on 
the Keturns. 

19. Where goods are landed on the wharf on a Duty-paid Permit, 
the Inspector is not required to send the goods to the importers' store. 
(L.) 

20. When the Inspector is ordered to examine packages landed on a 
/ / « i Permit, and he finds the contents to be different from, or of greater 
value than that indicated in the Permit, he will retain possession of the 
packages, and indorse the fact on the Permit, and report the same forth- 
with to the Surveyor. The fact of the correspondence of the goods, 
landed, with the Permit, will be noted on his Keturns. 

21. When merchandise is landed on a Warehouse Order, if the 
same is ordered to be weighed or gauged, the Inspector will give notice 
to the Weigher or Gauger, whose duties in relation thereto must be per- 
formed without unnecessary delay. Should any delay be made by the 
Weigher or Gauger, the Inspector will notify the Surveyor of the fact. 
When the merchandise is weighed or gauged it must be at once sent to 
the designated Warehouse in charge of a Custom House drayman. 
(L.) 

22. Should the proprietor of the Wakehouse decline or refuse to 
receive the merchandise, either for the alleged reason that it isnot coop- 
ered, or otherwise secured, or for any other reason, the Inspector will 
suspend the sending of the merchandise, and, at once, notify the Sur- 
veyor of the fact. (L.) 

23. If packages require to be coopered or otherwise secured, the 
importer must have it done on the dock, as soon as the packages are 



15 



weighed or gauged ; otherwise it may be done at the Warehouse by 
the proprietor thereof, at the expense of the importer. (L.) 

24. All packages, whether empty or not, must be sent to the Ware- 
house (unless permission to the contrary is obtained from the Superin- 
tendent of Warehouses), and a receipt taken therefor, designating the 
empty packages. Empty packages to be noted on the Keturn in all 
cases. 

25. The Inspector in landing goods under Warehouse or General 
Order, will see that no more goods are landed on the wharf than 
can be weighed, gauged, or measured, or can be sent to the Ware- 
house during the day. (L.) 

26. Merchandise to be weighed, gauged, measured, or marked, 
whether landed on Duty-paid Permit, or Warehouse, or General Order, 
must not be removed from the wharf until it hag been so weighed, gauged, 
measured, or marked; and if removed, without leave of the proper 
officer, it should be seized by the Inspector as forfeited. ('99, Sec. 51.) 

27. The Inspector must cause all casks, etc., required to be gauged, to 
be placed on the wharf at suitable distances from each other — say two 
feet— with the bungs up; and no city gauger, cooper, or other person 
can be permitted to interfere, in any way, with the merchandise until 
the United States Gauger has performed his duty. (T. E. Art. 633.) 

28. The Inspector will also cause all goods required to be weighed, 
when landed, to be placed so as to make it convenient for the Weigher 
to perform his duty ; packages of the same lot or mark must be kept 
Beparate from other goods for that purpose. (L.) 

29. Inspectors will enforce the above orders, by forbidding the further 
landing of goods, until such directions arc complied with in respect to 
the goods landed ; and. if any goods are landed contrary to his orders, 
he will forthwith report the case to the Surveyor. (L.) 

30. All goods permitted by numbers, and all goods required to be 
numbered by the Weigher or Gauger, in the absence of numbers when 



16 



landed, after being numbered, and weighed, or gauged, must be sent to 
the Appraisers' Store or Warehouse by such numbers. All casks 
or packages, numbered by the Weigher or Gaugcr, must be designated in 
the Keturns of the Inspector by the initials " W. N." or " G. N.," to sig- 
nify Weigher's numbers or Gauger's numbers, as the case may be. (L.) 

31. When goods are sent from the ship or vessel, in which the same 
may have been imported, to a Warehouse under a Warehouse or Gen- 
eral Order, or to the Appraisers' Store for examination, each cart, 
dray, or lighter load must be accompanied by a ticket specifying the 
marks, numbers, and description of packages, and the name of the 
importer, except when sent under General Order. This ticket or receipt 
will be signed, with ink, by the officer receiving the goods at the store, 
and will be returned by the cartman, drayman, or lighterman to the 
Inspector in charge of the vessel. These tickets or receipts must be 
numbered progressively. Should the cartman, drayman, or lighterman 
refuse or neglect to return the receipts to the Inspector he will report 
the fact to the Surveyor, and the employment of such drayman, cart- 
man, or lighterman will not aftericards be permitted. (T. K. Arts. 436, 
622.) 

32. Inspectors will embrace the several lots or marks on each cart- 
load sent from the vessel in one ticket, whether sent to the Apprais- 
ers' Store, or to a Warehouse on a Warehouse or General Order, and 
the ticket or tickets must be returned to the Inspector, properly signed, 
before another load is sent by the same cartman. (L.) 

33. When packages called for by the ticket are not found on the cart 
by the officer receiving the goods, he will indorse the fact on the ticket, 
with ink, and note the same on his receiving book. The Inspector in 
charge of the vessel will, by the next cart, supply the omitted package ; 
but if the package or packages have been sent and not delivered, he will 
immediately notify the Surveyor, and prohibit any further employment 
of the dray man. ( L . ) 

34. When there is any discrepancy, in marks or numbers, between the 
ticket and the packages sent, the fact will be noted on the ticket, with 
ink, and the Inspector will at once correct the error. (L.) 



35. The foregoing directions apply to packages sent from the Un- 
claimed Store to the Appraisers' Store, or transferred from the 
Appraisers' or the Unclaimed Store to a Bonded Store, as well 
as to those sent directly from the vessel. (T. E. Art. 522.) 

36. "Whenever goods, imported by any vessel, are to be exported 
directly from the vessel, Permits are issued for that purpose, signed by 
the Collector and Naval Officer. Inspectors will carefully examine 
them to determine what is to be done with the goods. When a vessel is 
made a Warehouse, the Inspector becomes the Storekeeper of the 
goods for the time, and the Permit will be indorsed "Afloat" and "De- 
liver to the Surveyor." Without this indorsement the Inspector is not 
authorized to deliver the goods, and delivery must only be made to an 
officer designated by the Surveyor. General Orders take preference 
over vessel Warehouse Orders. Inspectors will not, however, allow 
General Orders to take precedence of Warehouse ot Duty-paid Permits, 
if the same are received before the goods are sent to the Unclaimed 
Store. Placing the goods on the wharf, under the General Order, is 
no reason why the Permit should not take precedence if it reaches the 
Inspector before the goods are sent away. (L.) 

37. All goods not permitted or ordered to Warehouse will be sent, 
under General Order, to the Unclaimed Store designated in the 
order. (T. B. Art. 539.) 

38. The attention of Inspectors is specially called to the reservation 
in the General Order of "perishable articles, gunpowder," etc. If such 
goods are on board, report must be made at once to the Collector, that 
the property may be sold immediately, as required by law. (L.) 

39. Inspectors are required to pay particular attention to the manner 
in which wine, ale, beer, porter, and other liquors in baskets, casks, or 
cases, are discharged and handled on the wharf; and. if they have 
reason to believe that damage, by breakage, results from want of proper 
care in handling, they "ill make report thereof on their Keturns of 
cargo. Like attention will be given to all packages containing glass or 
glassware. (L.) 



is 



40. Inspectors will allow no merchandise to be taken out of the ves- 
sels in their charge before receiving Permits. This regulation is as imper- 
ative on Inspectors in charge of Steamers, as on those in charge of sailing 
vessels. ('99, Sec. 50.) 

41. Inspectors are liable to a heavy penalty for landing or delivering 
goods on a Permit not properly signed. ('99, Sees. 45, 53.) 

42. Should there be any unnecessary delay in the dispatch of goods 
landed under a Warehouse or General Order, or of goods ordered to the 
Appraisers' Store for examination, or should the carts or drays 
designated be insufficient for the prompt dispatch of the goods, In- 
spectors will send the goods by carts of their own selection, at the 
expense and risk of the Custom House drayman. (L.) 

43. Inspectors will be provided with the proper Discharging- Books 
by the Surveyor, in which they will enter: 

I. The names of persons to whom Permits are granted, as the same 
are received, with the date of the Permit. 

II. The particulars specified in said Permits. 

III. The marks, numbers, and description of goods unladen by reason 
of said Permits, with the date of unlading. 

IV. An account of goods sent to Appraisers' Store and to Bonded 
or Unclaimed Store, as the case may be. 

44. Inspectors are required to secure, after sunset each evening pre- 
vious to quitting the vessel, by locks or other adequate fastenings, the 
hatches and all other openings to the hold and every other part of the 
vessel they may judge necessary, or which they may be directed to 
secure by the Surveyor. ('99, Sees. 53, 54.) 

45. If any seals, locks, or other fastenings are broken or removed in 
the absence of the Inspector, or without his permission, or if any goods 
are clandestinely landed, the Inspector will give immediate notice 
thereof to the Surveyor. (Id. Sec. 54.) 

46. The law regulates the discharging of vessels from foreign ports 
as follows : 



1'9 



"Whenever any goods, wares, or merchandise shall be imported into 
any port of the United States from any foreign port, in any ship or vessel, 
at the expiration of eight working days, if the ship or vessel shall be less 
than three hundred tons burden, and within twelve working days, if 
it be of three hundred tons burden and less than eight hundred, and 
within fifteen days, if it be of eight hundred tons burden and up- 
wards, after the time within which the report of the master or person 
having charge or command of any ship or vessel is required to be made 
to the Collector of the District, if there shall be found any goods, wares, 
or merchandise other than shall have been reported for some other 
district, or some foreign port or place, the Collector shall take possession 
thereof; but with the consent of the owner or consignee of any goods, 
wares, or merchandise, or with the consent of the owner or master of 
the vessel in which the same may be imported, the said goods, wares, or 
merchandise may be taken possession of by the Collector, after one day's 
notice to the Collector of the District." (March 2d, 1861.) 

47. Any excess of sea stores or other articles not on the manifest 
must be reported without delay. ('99, Sec. 45.) 

48. The compensation of the Inspector for every working day, after 
the legal time has expired, must be paid by the master or owner of the 
vessel. The Inspector, as soon after discharging as practicable, shall 
render an account for such additional service. If, on presentation, the 
amount is not paid, the Inspector will leave the account with the Clear- 
ance Clerk in the Collector's Office. ('99, Sec. 66.) 

49. The sum, received by an Inspector for over time, will be reported 
to the Surveyor, and will be credited in the Inspector's next monthly 
account. The receipt will be given for the balance only of his monthly 
compensation. (L.) 

50. Inspectors, having charge of vessels with salt or coal on board, 
will keep a correct tally of every sack, bag, or tubful delivered. ('99, 
Sec. 53.) 

51. On notice from the Inspector the salt or coal tubs will be provided 
by the Weigher, who will superintend the work and take the necessary 
weights. (L.) 



26 



52. In discharging coal or salt in bulk, the Inspector will see that the 
tubs are uniformly and properly filled, and will, when requested by the 
"Weigher, give him an account of the merchandise landed. (T. K. Art. 
633.) 

53. When the quantity of salt or coal called for on a Duty-paid Per- 
mit has been lauded, the Inspector will allow no more to be discharged 
until a permit for the excess, if any, has been received. ('99, Sec. 50.) 

54. The Inspector will not allow cargo to be taken on board his ves- 
sel until the discharge of the cargo is completed, unless authorized so 
to do by the Surveyor. (L.) 

55. When the delivery of the cargo has been completed, the Inspect- 
or's Returns must be made to the Surveyor within three days thereafter. 
('99, Sec. 55.) 

56. The cargoes of a large majority of vessels can be returned in a 
few hours after the delivery is completed, and the interests of the 
importer, and also the public service, will be subserved by promptitude 
on the part of the Inspectors in making their Returns. Unnecessary 
delay iu attending to this important duty will be regarded as neglect. (L.) 

57. It is the duty of the Inspector when he finds, or receives notice, 
that he has sent a package to a wrong Store or Warehouse, to trans- 
fer it to its proper destination at the earliest moment; and, if he has 
sent to a Store or Warehouse a package landed on a Duty-paid Per- 
mit, he should at once withdraw it for delivery to the owner. The 
officer receiving will retain the package until the Inspector sending has 
been notified. (L.) 

58. Inspectors, after entering on the Returns the goods delivered on 
Duty-paid Permits, will, under the appropriate headings, insert the pack- 
ages, by their marks and numbers, sent to the Appraisers' Store and 
to Bonded Warehouses. "When all the merchandise delivered on 
Duty-paid and Warehouse Permits is entered, he will enter that sent to 
the Unclaimed Store on General Order. ('99, Sec. 55.) 



21 



59. Inspectors, after accounting for all the cargo, must enter at the 
end of the Returns, after personal examination, all the vessel and cabin 
stores remaining on board. (Id.) 

60. The Returns must be certified and signed by the Inspector, and 
the name of the Weigher or Gauger who performed any duties relating 
to the cargo of the vessel must be designated on the Returns. (Id.) 

61. The Returns, with the Discharging Book, the Permits, Orders, Re- 
ceipts, etc., must be lodged in the Surveyor's Office. (Id.) 

' 62. If the Inspector is unable to obtain, within the specified time, the 
Receipts for goods sent to Warehouse or Appraisers' Store, he must 
not delay handing in his Returns beyond the legal time, but attach a 
memorandum stating why they cannot be obtained ; and he shall use all 
possible means to procure such Receipts at the earliest moment, and 
return them to the Surveyor's OfBce. (L.) 

63. Inspectors have the right to enter any vessel in which they have 
reason to suspect any goods subject to duty are concealed, and to search 
for and seize such goods. ('99, Sec. 54.) 

64. Inspectors are authorized to examine and search vessels, and for 
that purpose have free access to any part of them. If any box, trunk, 
cask, or other package be found in any place separate from the residue 
of the cargo, the Inspector must take a particular description of it. 
Should he deem proper, he may place a seal upon it until examined by 
the proper officer. (Id.) 

65. Distilled spirits (arrack and sweet cordials excepted) imported iu 
casks or vessels of a less capacity than 90 gallons wine measure, brandy 
in casks less than 15 gallons, and brandy or other spirituous liquors in 
packages containing less than one dozen bottles, and beer, ale, or porter 
in casks or vessels less than 40 gallons beer measure, or in packages con- 
taining less than six dozen bottles, and refined sugars imported in vessels 
of less than 120 tons, and in casks or packages of less than 600 pounds 
weight, are illegal importations. Inspectors will report all cases of this 
kind, without delay, to the Surveyor. ('99, Sec. 103; '61, Sec. 6.) 



22 



06. Goods, seized by an Inspector for violation of the revenue laws, 
must be sent to the Appraisers' Store, and a receipt taken accord- 
ingly. He must give notice to the Collector, Naval Officer, and Sur- 
veyor, in writing, of the seizure, describing the goods seized, and 
deliver the Storekeeper's Receipt with the notice to the Surveyor. (L.) 

67. When distilled spirits or wines are landed without indorsement 
on the Permit " Inspected," by the proper officer of inspection, the mas- 
ter of such vessel shall forfeit and pay the sum of five hundred dollars, 
and the spirits and wines be forfeited. ('99, Sec. 37.) 

68. If any Officer of the Customs be resisted or obstructed in the 
execution of his duty, the person so resisting or obstructing him is lia- 
ble to a fine not exceeding $400. ('99, Sec. 71 ; '23, Sec. 3.) 

69. If any master of a vessel, within the jurisdiction of the United 
States, shall obstruct or hinder any Officer of the Customs from coming 
on board in the discharge of his duty, such master is liable to a penalty 
not exceeding $500. ('99, Sec. 71 ; '93, Sec. 31.) 

70. No Inspector, or other Officer of the Customs, can legally own, 
either in whole or in part, any vessel, nor act as agent, attorney, or con- 
signee for the owner of any vessel, or for any cargo or lading on board, 
nor be concerned, directly or indirectly, in the importation of any mer- 
chandise, for sale, under a penalty of $500. ('99, Sec. 86.) 

71. Inspectors are prohibited, under severe penalties, from demand- 
ing or receiving any other compensation than that allowed by law for 
performing their duties, or from demanding or receiving from the mas- 
ter; or consignee, of any vessel, any presents of liquors, fruits, etc. ('99, 
Sec. 73.) 

72. Inspectors will be discharged from office for any false certificate 
as to flie inspection, export, or landing of any merchandise, or for cor- 
ruption in the discharge of their duties. (Id.) 

73. If any Officer of the Customs, directly or indirectly, receive any 
bribe, reward, or recompense for conniving at any false entry of any 
goods, he shall, on conviction, forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding 



28 



$5,000, or be imprisoned not exceeding two years for each oftense, and 
be removed from office. And any person, giving or offering any bribe, 
recompense, or reward, shall be liable to the same penalty. ('63, Sees. 
4, 6.) 

74. Officers of the Customs are required to report all cases of this 
nature to the Collector or Surveyor. (L.) 

75. Inspectors of the revenue, Weighers, Gaugers, and Night In- 
spectors, in changing their residence, will give immediate notice of the 
feet to the Surveyor. (L.) 

76. When merchandise is landed on a wharf connected with a 
Bonded Store, and in cases where it is unnecessary to cart the goods, 
if laborers are not promptly furnished for transferring the goods to the 
Warehouse by the proprietor, Inspectors will employ the necessary 
laborers at the proprietor's expense. (L.) 

77. Night Inspectors will receive orders, as to their respective 
duties, from the Surveyor, and they will be required to comply strictly 
with such orders. (L.) 



24 



SECTION III. 

WEIGHERS. 

1. The harbor is divided into the following districts, viz. : 
District 1— Will comprise all that portion of the harbor north and 

west of the south side of Union Street. 
District 2— Will comprise all that portion of the harbor between the 

south side of Union Street and the south side of Commercial Street, 

embracing the wharf at the latter street. 
District 3— Will comprise all that portion of the harbor south of 

Commercial Street, 

2. One of the Weighers, with two laborers, will be assigned to each 
district, who will attend to all weighable articles delivered from vessels 
in his district. (L.) 

3. Information, as to what articles are to be weighed, will be obtained 
from the Inspectors and the Permits and Orders in their possession. See 
Art. 13, Sec. II. (L.) 

4. The Weighers will be furnished by the Surveyor with the proper 
blank books, known as "Dock Books." (L.) 

5. From the Permits he will make up lus Dock Book by entering first 
the name of the importer, then the articles to be weighed, and, when 
the merchandise is required to be weighed by numbers, the number 
and weight of each package weighed. When it can be done, the num- 
bers should be stated in their order, from the lowest to the highest ; in 
all other cases the weights will be entered as the articles are weighed, 
first entering the gross weight, then the tare, and last the net weight of 
each number or lot ; i. e., of a number of packages of the same mark. (L.) 

6. In order to facilitate the prompt liquidation of duties, Weighers 
will not delay their returns until the vessel is discharged, but will make 
special return of the weight of the articles embraced in each Permit, 



25 



when the same is stamped " Special Keturn," as soon as such weight 
has been ascertained. Special Keturns, unless otherwise provided 
for, will be made to the Weigher's Clerk in the Collector's Office. (L.) 

7. The Dock-books must specify the several dates on which the weigh- 
ing was performed, and be kept in such manner as to contain, when 
completed, all the specifications necessary to a perfect account of the 
merchandise weighed. Great care will be necessary in entering the 
weights in a clear and legible manner, to enable the Clerk to make up 
his account correctly and promptly. (L.) 

8. As soon as a vessel is discharged, these Dock-books will be lodged 
at the desk of the Weighers' Clerk, who will, within three days, make 
up his account, from which he will prepare one transcript of the goods 
weighed on Duty-paid Permits and General Orders, and another of the 
goods weighed on Warehouse Permits for the Liquidating Clerks in the 
Collector's Office, and a third of all the goods weighed for the use of the 
Naval Office. The Dock-books will then be transmitted to the Surveyor's 
Office, to be filed with the Inspector's book, Permits, and other papers 
of the vessel. ('99, Sec. 72 and L.) 

9. Separate Dock-books will be kept for the cargo of each vessel. The 
Weighers will number the Permits and Orders when they copy them into 
the Dock-books, and place corresponding numbers on the books, to facil- 
itate any subsequent examination that may become necessary. (L.) 

10. The Dock-book, when lodged at the Clerk's desk, must be indorsed 
on the outside with the name of the vessel, date of discharge, the 
Weigher's signature, and the name of the Inspector in charge of the 
vessel. (L.) 

11. The Weighers will also attend to weighing all articles, intended to 
be exported for benefil of drawback of duties, in their several districts, 
when notified by the Export Inspector having charge of the merchan- 
dise, and make special return thereof, forthwith, to the Weighors' Clerk, 
that the amount of drawback may be promptly and correctly estimated 
and ascertained. When return of weight or gauge is made without I he 
weighing and gauging having been actually performed, the officer mak- 



26 

ing such return is liable for the first offense to a fine of $50, and for the 
second to a fine of $200 and dismissal from the public service. ('99, 
Sec. 73.) 

12. Weighers are required to be at their respective districts from the 
rising until the setting of the sun, except when necessarily at the Cus- 
tom House, or absent on leave obtained from the Surveyor; and when- 
ever a Weigher is unable to perform his duties, the Surveyor must be 
immediately notified of the fact, and the Weigher of an adjoining dis- 
trict, if disengaged, will be assigned to perform his duties for the time 
being; if all are engaged, the Surveyor will make a requisition on the 
Collector for a temporary officer. ('99, Sec. 21 ; '46, Sec. 1.) 

13. All weighing must be done under the personal supervision of the 
Weigher, and not by any other person. When he has more than one 
vessel in charge at the same time, he will make frequent visits to the 
different gangs employed, and see that the weighing is correctly done 
and entered in the Dock-books; and when practicable, the weights will 
be entered by the Weigher himself, and not by the laborers. (L.) 

14. The Weighers will have a safe place for the deposit of their tools 
and implements when not in use, and will be held responsible for their 
safekeeping. (L.) 

15. When any repairs are necessary, or new tools or instruments are 
required, a requisition therefor, approved by the Surveyor, must be 
made on the Collector before any expense is incurred. The expendi- 
tures should be anticipated, as far as practicable, that the requisite 
authority may be obtained. (L.) 

16. The Weigher will note on his Dock-book the merchandise weighed 
under Duty-paid Permits, Warehouse, and General Orders, and keep the 
same distinct and separate. (L.) 

17. All articles required to be weighed, separately, under lYarehouse 
Permits and General Orders, must be weighed and returned by numbers ; 
and when there are no numbers on the packages, it shall be the duty of 
the Weigher to number them from 1 to — , at or before the time of 



27 



determining the quantity, and make return by such numbers— stating 
the quantity in each package, in addition to the other particulars 
required. These numbers must be put on with marking ink— not with 
chalk: (L.) 

18. The following articles are not required to be weighed and re- 
turned by numbers, viz. : 

Bags— Pimento, Pepper, Sugar, Cocoa, and other articles, in bags of 
uniform size and n-eight. 

Boxes — Soap, and other articles, in boxes of uniform size and weight. 

Bundles— Iron and Steel, and other like articles, in bundles of uni- 
form size and weight. 

Kegs— Nails, Soda, Paints, and other like articles, in kegs or other 
small casks, of uniform size and iveight. 

Mats— Sugar, Cassia, and other like articles, of uniform size andiueight. 

Sugar — In hogsheads, tierces, or boxes, need not be numbered ; but 
if found numbered and so permitted, it must be weighed and 
returned according!}-. The weight must be marked, in a distinct 
and durable manner, upon the end of the package where the ship- 
ping mark is found. 

19. Tobacco in bales, cases, or ceroons must be weighed separately, 
and returned by numbers. (L.) 

20. When the numbers are defaced from part of a lot of goods re- 
quired to be weighed by numbers (to avoid duplicate numbers of the 
same mark), higher ones than those specified in the Permit should be put 
on and returned as Weigher's numbers. (L.) 

21. All articles weighed, either under Warehouse, or Duty-paid Per- 
mits, or General Order, if of such size or kind as to be weighed sepa- 
rately, must have the weight marked on the same. (L.) 

22. In all cases, \\ here numbers are put on packages by the Weigher, 
it must be stated in the return that they are " Weigher's numbers." 

23. Goods, ordered to be weighed in Warehouse, must be weighed, 
immediately, by the Weigher in whose district the store is located, and 
the Returns thereof must be promptly made. (L.) 



28 



24. When imports are to be weighed, gauged, or measured at the 
expense of the importer or agent, the particular articles on the landing 
Permit will be doubly underscored. The Weigher will state in his 
Return the fees allowed by law for ascertaining quantity, etc., and will 
make return thereof without delay. (Cir. Dec. 6th, 1846.) 

25. In all cases, where the invoice and entry shall not contain the 
weight, quantity, or measure of goods, or where any good reason shall 
exist for the belief that the quantity was designedly misstated in the 
invoice with the intention of evading the proper amount of duty, the 
expense of weighing, gauging, or measuring must be defrayed by the 
owner, agent, or consignee. (1846, July 30th, Sec. 4 ; Cir. Feb. 17th, 1849.) 

26. When goods are withdrawn from warehouse in quantities less 
than the entire importation, the expense of weighing, gauging, and 
measuring must be paid by the importer or agent, if it be necessary to 
ascertain dutiable value. (Cir. Aug. 14th and Nov. 25th, 1846.) 

27. Weighers must, in all cases, inspect the goods at the time of 
weighing them, and, if they vary from the description in the Permit, 
report the facts immediately to the Surveyor. They must, where there 
is any discrimination as to kinds or qualities under existing Tariff Acts, 
be particular to weigh and report accordingly. They must, under the 
special supervision of the Surveyor, ascertain and classify, by the Dutch 
standard, the kinds of all sugars imported and make their Returns to 
correspond. ('99, Sec. 72.) 

28. The Weighers will visit the Appraisers' Store daily between 
the hours of 1 and 2 o'clock, p.m., to attend to the weighing of such 
goods as may be required to be weighed there. (L.) 

29. Weighers are required to report to the Surveyor any violation of 
the Revenue Laws by the importation of refined sugar in vessels of less 
than 120 tons, or in casks, or packages of less than 600 pounds weight. 
('99, Sec. 103.) 



29 
SECTION IV. 

GAUGERS. 

1. The articles in the preceding Section, except Nos. 19 and 29, are 
equally applicable to the Gaugers, and must be observed by them in the 
performance of their duties. 

2. All casks containing brandy, gin, rum, whisky, or Madeira, port, 
or sherry wines, in the absence of numbers, must be numbered by or 
under the direction of the Gaugers, and returned by such numbers; 
and the Return must, in all cases, state, in addition to the other partic- 
ulars required, that such numbers are " Gauger's numbers." (L.) 

3. The directions, in respect to numbering casks, are not intended to 
apply to such as contain molasses, linseed oil, or wines, known as 
"white" or "red," in casks of uniform size, but, in case of material 
difference in the size, the casks are to be numbered and return made 
accordingly. (L.) 

4. The instruments to be used for gauging purposes shall be those 
known as the Calliper's and Gunter's Scale, or the Sliding Scale. (T. R. 
Art. 633.) 

5. A marking or scoring iron must also be used, in all cases of gaug- 
ing, for the purpose of marking or scoring the capacity and outs. ('99, 
Sec. 39.) 

6. On all casks, exceeding the capacity of fifty gallons, no fractional 
gallon shall be marked, and on casks of fifty gallons or less (molasses 
excepted), the fractional one-half (!) only shall be used— as 1, 1], 2, 2], 
etc., etc. (Id.) 

7. Linseed oil, for ascertaining the duties and for statistical purposes, 
must be gauged. (Id. 634.) 

8. Gaugers are required to report to the Surveyor any violation of 
the Revenue Laws, by the importation of spirits, ale, beer, or porter, 



30 



in casks or packages of less than the legal capacity or quantity. ('99, 
Sec. 103; '61, Sec. 6.) 

9. Gangers, under the special supervision of the Surveyor, at the 
time of determining the quantities and kinds of spirits, must also ascer- 
tain the proof, and make Returns thereof; also ascertain the quality, 
kind, and quantity of all wines imported. ('99, Sees. 21, 72.) 



31 
SECTION V. 

EXPORT INSPECTORS. 

1. "When goods are exported from Warehouse, a certificate of ship- 
ment, in accordance with the ordinary form printed on Warehouse 
Export Entries, will be sufficient. ('99, Sees. 19, 21, 25 ; Cir. Feb. 17th. 
'49; L.) 

2. When the Permit directs the goods to be marked, the Inspector 
will state his compliance therewith in his certificate. (Id.) 

3. When the Permit directs that the goods be weighed, gauged, or 
measured, the name of tbe Weigher, Gauger, or Measurer, who per- 
forms the work must appear beneath the Inspector's certificate, on 
both Entries. (Id.) 

4. The officer, who actually ships the goods, will indorse and sign the 
shipping Permit, as "Inspector," and return it with the entries. He 
will also be careful to put his certificate of shipment on both Entries. 
(Id.) 

5. The Entries and Permit, duly certified and indorsed, must, in all 
cases, be returned to the Export desk in the Surveyor's Office, by 10 
o'clock, a.m., of the day succeeding that on which the shipment is com- 
pleted. (Id.) 

6. Inspectors are required to inspect and examine any shipment of 
merchandise entitled to drawback, after receiving the Permit for lad- 
ing the same; and they are prohibited, under a severe penalty, from 
certifying to (he shipment of any goods entitled to drawback, without 
a due inspection and examination thereof. (Id.) 

7. When the Entries stale that the goods are to be shipped for the 
benefit of drawback, a more particular certificate is required. The 
Inspector must, in such cases, specify the marks and iiuinh, rs, us well as 
the description and quantity of the packages. (Id.) 



32 



8. When Duty-paid foreign merchandise, exported for the benefit of 
drawback of duties, is delivered to the Export Inspector, he will receipt 
therefor on the back of the Storekeeper's delivery order. (L.) 

9. He must accompany the merchandise to the export vessel, and, 
when it is to be weighed or gauged, will notify the Weigher or Gauger 
of tho district where the same is stored, and not allow it to be shipped, 
until the Weigher or Gauger has performed his duty. (L.) 

10. When the merchandise has been actually shipped, the Inspector 
will certify the fact on the Entries and Shipping order, and indorse on 
the Entries the name of the Weigher or Gauger who performed the 
work, and return the papers to the Surveyor's Office. (L.) 

11. AVhen an order to examine refined sugar, to be shipped for the 
benefit of drawback, is delivered to the Export Inspector, he will 
examine the packages at their place of deposit, and take fair samples 
of the sugar, which he will return to the Surveyor's Office inclosed in 
a wrapper, indorsed with the name of the exporter, the marks, num- 
bers, and description of the packages from which the samples are taken, 
and fill up and sign the printed certificate on the back of the order, 
and deliver the same to the Surveyor. 

12. When the Entries and Shipping order are delivered to the Export 
Inspector, he will accompany the sugar from the place of deposit to 
the export vessel. He will not ship sugar, or other articles of domestic 
manufactures made from raw materials of foreign growth or produc- 
tion, exported for benefit of drawback, until weighed or gauged, when 
he will proceed as with foreign merchandise exported for benefit of 
drawback. 



SECTION VI. 

INSPECTOR OP COASTING VESSELS. 

1. The special attention of the Inspector detailed for the examina- 
tion of all coasting vessels arriving in the harbor is called to the neces- 
sity of a strict examination, not only of their enrollments and licenses, 
but of their manifests of cargo, to see that they conform in all respects 
to the law. (L.) 

2. He will enter the names and particulars of all vessels, examined 
by him, in a book, in the form prescribed by the Surveyor, to whom he 
will make a written report each morning, on the opening of the Cus- 
tom House, of the examinations made during the preceding twenty- 
four hours. (L.) 



68811 



34 

SECTION VII. 

surveyor's department. 

The foregoing Officers are under the direction and supervision of the 
Surveyor. 

Accuracy is required in the Returns of the Inspectors, Weighers, and 
Gangers. This can only be had by careful and constant personal 
attention and supervision on their part. Absence from their posts can- 
not, therefore, be permitted, and the delegation of the performance of 
their duties to others, except in case of sickness or absence on leave, 
will be deemed a neglect of their duties, and subject the offenders to 
removal from office. 

When temporary Inspectors are needed, a requisition therefor, in 
writing, will be made by the Surveyor on the Collector, who will select 
competent persons for the service. When temporary laborers are 
needed by tin- Weighers, Grangers, or Boarding Officers, and the period 
of service will probably exceed one day. they will be applied for in the 
same manner. The employment of other temporary laborers, irrespect- 
ive of the probable period of employment, will not be sanctioned unless 
upon the requisition of the head of the department requiring the 
same. 

These requisitions, with the oaths of office required by law, must be 
lodged at the Auditor's desk for his information as to authority and 
date of commencement of service. As soon as the service can be dis- 
pensed with, a certificate from the officer under whom it was rendered, 
setting forth the date of commencement and termination, the number 
of days' service rendered, and the rate per day, will be given to the 
employe, to be by him presented at the Auditor's desk, where the rolls 
will be signed. No payments will be made to temporary employes, 
unless employed in conformity herewith. (L.) 



35 
SECTION VIII. 

DRAYAGE. 

1. All goods in bond, whether passing from the vessel, or other con- 
veyance in which imported, to the Warehouse, or from one vessel or 
conveyance to another vessel or conveyance, or from the Warehouse 
on Permits for Exportation; all unclaimed goods and all goods ordered 
to the Appraisers' Stores for examination, will be carted, drayed, or 
lightered by responsible cartmen, draymen, or lightermen, who, while per- 
forming this duty, will be known as Custom House cartmen, draymen, 
or lightermen, and be under the control and direction of the Inspector of 
the vessel, or Assistant Store-Keeper of the Store, as the case may be, 
from which the goods are sent; it being intended that bonded goods, or 
goods ordered for examination, shall at all times be in the custody of the 
Government or its authorized agents. Such persons shall also be subject, 
while so employed, to the orders of the Collector, and will be held to a 
strict compliance with all the Warehouse rules and regulations. (T. 
R. Art, 521.) 

2. They will in all cases require of the officers, whether at the vessel 
or Warehouse, a ticket descriptive of the merchandise delivered to 
them and designating the store, vessel, or other place to which it is to 
be taken ; which ticket they will return to the officer from whom the 
merchandise was received, duly receipted by the officer to whom such 
merchandise may have been delivered, and will be held liable for the safe 
conveyance of all merchandise delivered to them, and for the good con- 
dition of all delivered by them. (Id. 522.) 

3. They sliall, in all cases, convey all merchandise required of them 
to the public stores, or elsewhere, as soon as if is ready ; and for neglect 
or refusal to do so, on report thereof to the Collector, their further 
employment will not be allowed. (Id. 523.) 



36 
SECTION IX. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

1. The law prohibits, under severe penalties, any Officer of the Cus- 
toms from receiving any gratuity, fee, or reward, other than is allowed 
by law ; and the receipt of fees or emoluments by officers for extra ser- 
vices on behalf of merchants or others, will be considered as just cause 
for removal. ('99, Sec. 73.) 

2. No person, not connected with the Custom House or the Treasury 
Department, is to be allowed access to, or permission to inspect, exam- 
ine, take copies, or have copies furnished, or be advised of the informa- 
tion contained in any record, document, paper, letter, or account 
belonging to the Custom House, except upon the following terms and 
conditions, viz. : Upon application, in writing, to the Collector by any 
individual having a personal interest, setting forth the nature and 
object of the application, and his interest therein, and specifying the 
particular information or data requested. Upon receipt of such appli- 
cation, the Collector will direct some suitable and competent person 
attached to the Custom House to make the requisite examination of the 
record, paper, letter, or account, as the case may be, and prepare a 
statement in writing of the information called for, to be submitted to 
the Collector, who may, should he deem it consistent with the public 
interest, and necessary to the rights of individuals, furnish the same to 
the applicant; but if he entertains any doubt as to the propriety of fur- 
nishing it, he will report the matter for the direction of the Depart- 
ment. (T. E., Art, 636.) 

3. The Storekeeper, Clerks, or Officers having charge of receipts 
and expenditures for storage, labor, and cartage, at the Appeaisers' 
Store, will keep separate accounts of each item, and make monthly 
returns to the Collector. (Cir. Feb. 17th, '49, Sec. 28 ) 

4. Any person convicted of altering, defacing, or obliterating any 
mark or marks placed by an officer of the revenue on any package or 



:}7 



packages of warehouse goods, shall forfeit and pay, for every offense, 
five hundred dollars. (Aug. 6th, '46, Sec. 3.) 

5. Private Bonded Warehouses are in the joint custody of In- 
spectors of Customs and the owners. Inspectors will personally superin- 
tend the opening and closing thereof. They will not allow any goods to 
be received, delivered, sampled, or repacked, except in their presence, 
and in conformity with an order from the Collector. They will keep 
accurate accounts of all receipts and deliveries of goods, orders for sam- 
pling, examinations, repacking, etc., as prescribed, and will report 
every infraction of the "Warehouse Kegulations to the Warehouse Su- 
perintendent. (Cir. July 24th, '49; Cir. Feb. 17th, '49.) 

6. When merchandise is entered by Appraisement, the Weigher or 
Gauger having performed the weighing or gauging, as the case may be, 
will make Special Return thereof to the Entry Clerk in the Collect- 
or's Office, indorsing said return, " By Appraisement." (L.) 

7. When wines or other liquors are invoiced and entered by the pack- 
age, without quantity stated in measure, the Appraisers will state, in 
their report on such invoice, what quantity the invoice value will cover, 
for the information of the Liquidating Department. (L.) 

8. Whenever any merchandise undergoing examination in the Ap- 
praisers' Dejjartment is discovered to be in a damaged condition, the 
officer, discovering the same, will notify the Appraisers, who will at 
once inspect the merchandise, and, if satisfied that the damage occurred 
on the voyage of importation, will so report, in writing, to the Collector, 
who will immediately issue an order for the ascertainment of the dam- 
age, provided the time prescribed by law has not expired. (T. P., Art. 
409.) 

9. Additions to invoices for "shipping charges," " cases," "commis- 
sions," etc., where the game have been omitted by the importers, should 
he made before the entry is passed or the duties estimated. When such 
additions are made, the amounts added under each head should lie sep- 
arately indicated. (L.) 



10. Entry for Warehousing cannot be allowed when the merchan- 
dise is entered by Appraisement. (Cir. Oct. 12th, '49.) 

11. No additions or amendments can be permitted on a manifest after 
the same has been certified by the Boarding Officer. 

12. The discriminating duty of ten per cent, is chargeable on mer- 
chandise paying specific, as well as on that paying an ad valorem rate 
of duty. (L ) 

13. Shipments of merchandise by two or more vessels cannot be em- 
braced in the same invoice, and be covered by a single consul's certifi- 
cate. (T. R., Art. 207.) 

14. Exporters of merchandise in bond must produce, in addition to 
the other certificates required by law, the oaths or affirmations of the 
master and mate of the exporting vessel, in order to insure the cancel- 
lation of export bonds. (T. R., Art. 478.) 

15. Entry for Warehouse and Exportation may be made when the 
intent is shown by invoice and manifest, bill of lading, or other evi- 
dence, that the goods imported are to be exported immediately, by 
sea, beyond the limits of the United States, but it will only be permitted 
when an opportunity exists for immediate export. If the goods can- 
not be reshipped immediately on arrival, they must go to a Bonded 
Warehouse as unclaimed, and remain until an opportunity offers, 
when entry in this form can be made. (T. R., Art. 477.) 

16. The dutiable value and quantity of each package of dry goods, 
hardware, or other package goods, must in all cases be stated in the 
Warehouse Entry, when the invoice will permit its being done, with 
the pro rata of all costs, charges, commissions, etc., added to the invoice 
value of each package. (T. R. Art, 432.) 

17. Warehous.e Entries, in which the dutiable value or quantity of 
each package is not stated, when the invoice will permit its being done, 
will be rejected by the Entry Clerk, and returned to the importer for 
the necessary correction. (L.) 



39 



18. In the liquidation of Warehouse Entries, the abatement for dam- 
age or other cause must be adjusted on each package separately, that 
the Entry may always be a true basis for withdrawals, and also for the 
Warehouse accounts. (T. R. Art. 432.) 

19. In the liquidation of Warehouse Entries for brandy, gin, rum, 
whisky, or Madeira, port or sherry wines, when there are no invoice or 
shipping numbers, the Ganger's return of numbers, capacity of cask, 
ullage, and net gallons, will be indorsed on the Eutry or copied on a 
separate paper, to be permanently attached to the Entry. (L.) 

20. A like course will be pursued with Warehouse Entries of pack- 
age goods, weighed and numbered as provided for in Articles 17, 18, 
19, and 20, Section III, of these Regulations. (L.) 

21. The Withdrawal Entries must be made in conformity with the 
Warehouse Entry as liquidated, and exhibit the dutiable value and 
quantity of each package intended to be withdrawn. (T. R. Art. 442.) 

22. The foregoing directions are not intended to apply to entries of 
casks of uniform size, containing molasses, linseed oil, or wines known 
as "white" and "red." (L.) 

23. Should the merchandise entered for Warehousing have been sent 
to the Unclaimed Stoke, under General Order, previous to the receipt 
of the Permit, the Permit must be returned to the Warehouse depart- 
ment, when an order, addressed to the Assistant Storekeeper in charge 
of the Stoke, will be indorsed on the Permit, to transfer the goods to 
Warehouse account, and send them to the Bonded Stoke designated 
in the Permit. (L.) 

24. Should the importer desire to dispose of the whole or any part of 
an importation, while in bond, he will be permitted to indorse on the 
Warehouse Entry an authority to the purchaser to withdraw the same. 
This authority will, when it is only for a part, designate by numbers, 
when practicable, the part to be so withdrawn. The authority will be 
entered on the Warehouse ledger, into which the original Warehouse 
Entry has been copied, and will be considered as binding between the 



40 



parties themselves, but will not operate as a release of any of the sureties 
on the bond. (L.) 

25. Merchants and others will greatly facilitate the dispatch of public 
business, when they make Withdrawal Entries for Consumption, Ex- 
portation, or Transportation, by having the correct liquidated numbers, 
values, weights, gauge, or averages (when the packages, being of uni- 
form size and quantity, have been liquidated by an average value or 
quantity) copied upon the Withdrawal Entries. (L.) 

26. A copy of the liquidated numbers, weight, gauge, and values, will 
be furnished the importer as soon as the Warehouse Entry has been 
liquidated and the liquidation revised by the Naval Officer. (L.) 

27. No change of Export or Transportation Entry will be permitted 
after the bond has been given, nor after the same has been credited in 
the Warehouse ledger in the Naval Office, nor unless such change is 
made within twenty-four hours after the first entry is made. When an 
Export or Transportation Entry is changed, the original must be lodged 
with the Warehouse Entry Clerk in the Collector's Office, for the pur- 
pose of canceling the credit on the Warehouse ledger, otherwise the 
change will not be permitted. {~L.) 

28. Before any Entry by Appraisement can be permitted, the inter- 
rogations, propounded to importers making application for such entry, 
with the answers under oatli or affirmation, and subscribed by the 
importer, must be transmitted, with a report of the case by the Ap- 
praisers, to the Collector, in conformity with Treasury Regulations. 
This report will be separate from that made on the printed form attached 
to the application for entry, and will be attached to the interrogations 
and answers. To this report Mill also be attached any accounts, papers, 
or memorandums of purchase presented by the importer at the time of 
application for entry, or during the examination before the Appraisers; 
Upon an examination of this report and the accompanying papers, 
(except in the case of perishable merchandise, or when the appraised 
value shall not exceed 8100) the Collector and Naval Officer will determ- 
ine whether the goods shall be admitted to entry before the case has 
been submitted to the Secretary of the Treasury. If, after due examin- 



41 



ation of the case, they shall decline to admit the merchandise to entry, 
the goods shall remain in an Unclaimed Store until the decision of 
the Secretary is known. The Appraisers' report on the application for 
entry of the merchandise must be specific, and must describe the char- 
acter or class of the merchandise as nearly as practicable in the terms 
of the tariff. (T. R. Art. 211 and L.) 

29. "When the invoice value has been advanced by the Appraisers over the 
value declared in the entry, -when the same is duty paid, the order for deliv- 
ery of the examined packages will not be issued until the duty, or deposit to 
secure the duty, on such excess of value, and the additional or penal duty, if 
any, has been ascertained and paid. (T. R. Art. 368.) 

30. The Appraisers, in all cases when damage is claimed on goods 
having no distinctive marks or numbers, whicli have been delivered to 
importers, and where previous importations of the same description of 
goods are in their store, will proceed with extreme caution in allowing 
damage, and make no allowance until entirely satisfied that the articles 
and packages examined are the identical packages imported in the ves- 
sel named in the application for damage. (L.) 

31. Applications for allowance for damage, where an invoice has been 
in part bonded and in part duty paid, should be made separate and dis- 
tinct from each other; and the report on such applications by the 
Appraisers should be made specific, to enable the Liquidating depart- 
ment to make the proper adjustment of damage. (L.) 

32. The Appraisers, in making the return of width of goods, number 
of threads to the square inch, the rate of duty, weight, etc., whether 
the same be noted on the invoice or the report, will be careful to have 
the same made with ink. (L.) 

33. Merchandise imported in steam vessels, appearing by bill of lad- 
ing, to be deliverable immediately after entry of the vessel, may be 
taken possession of by the Collector; but, if it does not appear by the 
bill of lading that the merchandise is so delh liable, a General Order for 
the lauding of the same may be issued at the request of the owner, 
master, or consignee of the vessel, after one day's notice to the Col- 
lector of the port. (T. R. Art. 949.) 



42 



34. All invoices and entries for consumption, warehousing, etc., after 
the permits are signed and delivered to the parties, become exclusively 
the property of the office, and are of the utmost importance in the 
preparation of the official returns. Such papers cannot be permitted to 
pass out of the custody of the Clerk, with whom they are, either perma- 
nently or temporarily, lodged, without seriously retarding the prepara- 
tion of the returns and accounts for the Department. Each Clerk will 
therefore be held accountable for the correct and prompt transmission 
of papers passing through his hands, and for the various papers and 
records permanently tiled at his desk, until the same shall have passed 
to the Officer in charge of the Record-room. (L.) 

35. The transmission of entries and invoices from desk to desk, and 
from one branch of the office to another, in the course of business, after 
the period indicated above, must, in every instance, be made by the 
Clerk transmitting, or by an official messenger. (L.) 

36. When papers have been erroneously transmitted, the Clerk, at 
whose desk they are found, will return them, or make inquiries of the 
head of the office as to their proper destination. (L.) 

37. When a paper, permanently or temporarily lodged at any desk, 
is required for reference by any Clerk or Officer connected with the 
Custom House, a memorandum of such paper, with the date of delivery 
and person to whom delivered, must be made and filed in place of the 
paper until its return. (L.) 

38. Invoices, entries, or other papers must in no case, whether per- 
manently or temporarily lodged at a desk, be removed in the temporary 
absence of the Clerk occupying the desk. (L.) 

39. All invoices made out in a foreign language must be accompanied 
with a translation, on presentation at time of entry, of the merchandise 
therein described. (L.) 

40. Every Officer of the Customs must make himself familiar with the 
laws and regulations applicable to the department or branch of busi- 
ness in which he is employed. (T. R. Art. 577.) 



43 



SECTION X. 

EXTRACTS OF LAWS REGULATING VESSELS ENGAGED 
IN FOREIGN TRADE. 

Vessels built in the United States, wholly owned and commanded by- 
citizens of the United States, and no other, can be registered and enti- 
tled to the privileges of a vessel of the United States; but such vessel 
cannot be so entitled if owned in whole or in part by any citizen resid- 
ing in a foreign country, unless he be a Consul of the United States, or 
partner in a house of trade within the United States. ('92, Sec. 2; 
Mar. 27th, 1804.) 

No registered vessel can be entitled to the privileges of an American 
vessel, if owned wholly or in part by a naturalized citizen, residing for 
more than one year in his native country, or more than two years in 
any foreign country, except he be a Consul or Agent of the United 
States; but she may be so entitled, in case of a bona fide sale to a resi- 
dent citizen of the United States. (Mar. 27th, 1804.) 

In order to the registering of a vessel built within the United States, 
a certificate of the master carpenter who built her must be produced, 
setting forth her description, and for whom built. ('92, Sec. 8.) 

The owner, or one of the owners, must take an oath or affirmation 
before the Collector, previous to the registering of any vessel, and the 
resident owner and master must give bond that the register shall be 
solely used for the vessel; and in case of her being lost, sold to foreign- 
ers, or broken up, that the register shall be surrendered within eight 
days after the arrival of the master within the United States. ('92, 
Sees. 4, 7.) 

The oath of ownership must be taken by every owner of a registered 
vessel, residing within the limits of the United states, and transmitted 
to the Collector granting the register within ninety days after its being 
granted, or it becomes void. ('92, Sees. 4, 5.) 

In cases of steam vessels owned by an incorporated company, the 
oath of the President or Secretary is sufficient, without designating the 
names of the persons composing the company. (Act Mar. 3d, '25, 
Sec. 1.) 



44 

When a registered vessel is transferred, in whole or in part, to a citi- 
zen, or altered in form, burden, or rig, she must be registered anew, by 
her former name, or lose the benefits of an American vessel. ('92, 
Sec. 14.) 

Every case of transfer, in whole or in part, must be by Bill of Sale, 
reciting the certificate of registry at length, and the certificate must be 
surrendered. (Id.) 

Vessels must be registered in the port where the owner, or, if there be 
more than one, the managing owner, resides. ('92, Sec. 3.) 

The name of the vessel and of the port to which she belongs, must be 
painted on her stern, in white letters on a black ground, not less than 
three inches in length, under a penalty of $50. (Id.) 

In case a registered vessel should be transferred, in whole or in part, 
to a foreigner, her register must be surrendered within seven days, or 
she will be forfeited. ('92, Sec. 16.) 

No vessel which has been registered, and thereafter seized or cap- 
tured, and condemned, by any foreign power, or shall, by sale, become 
the property of a foreigner, shall be entitled to a new register (unless 
claimed by her former owners, at the time of her seizure or capture), 
but shall be deemed a foreign vessel. (June 27th, '97; March, 1804.) 

A change of master must be reported by the new master or owner to 
the Collector of the District where the same shall happen, or where the 
vessel shall first be thereafter, and the oath taken that the new master is 
a citizen of the United .States, that such change may be indorsed on the 
register, or the register shall be void, and the master forfeit $100. ('92, 
Sec. 15.) 

Upon the entry of a registered vessel from a foreign port, at the port 
where an owner resides, he must make oath that the register contains 
the names of all the owners, and that no foreign citizen has any share 
in such vessel, by way of trust, confidence, or otherwise. If the vessel 
enter at any port where there is not a resident owner, then the master 
must make the oath. ('92, Sec. 17.) 

If any register shall be fraudulently used for any vessel, not entitled 
to the benefit thereof, she shall be forfeited. ('92, Sec. 27.) 

If any vessel, enrolled or licensed, proceeds on a foreign voyage with- 
out surrendering her enrollment or license, and being registered, she 
shall be liable to forfeiture, with the goods imported in her. ( '93, Sec. 8. ) 



4:. 



Iii case a register is lost, destroyed, or mislaid, the master, on oath, 
and compliance with the requisitions of law, may receive a new one. 
('92, Sec. 13; T. R., Art. 27.) 

On satisfactory proof to the Secretary of the Treasury that a vessel 
has been sold, by process of law, and her register retained by her for- 
mer owners, he may direct a new one to be issued. (T. R., Art. 25.) 

Xo sea letter, or other document, certifying a vessel to be the prop- 
erty of a citizen of the United States, can be issued, except to vessels 
duly registered, enrolled, or licensed as vessels of the United States. 
(T. R., Art. 58.) 

Vessels, arriving from a foreign port, must enter at an established port 
of entry, and no cargo can be unladen, except at a port of entry or 
delivery. ('99, Sec. 18.) 

Every American vessel, arriving from a foreign port, must be provided 
with manifests of her whole cargo, or the master forfeits a sum equal to 
the value of all goods not included therein; all goods not included, 
belonging to the master, officers, or crew, are subject to forfeiture. The 
manifest must be produced to the first Officer of the Customs who shall 
board her. Neglect, or refusal to produce the manifest, or to deliver a 
copy to the Officer, or to truly answer any interrogatories, in order to 
evade its production, subjects the master to a penalty of $500. ('99, 
Sees. 24, 26.) 

The Officer first boarding a vessel neglecting or refusing to certify the 
manifest, is subject to a fine of $500. ('99, Sec. 26.) 

In all cases where there are more goods found on board a vessel than 
the master thereof has reported in his manifest, he shall, with the con- 
sent of the Officers of Customs, make a Post Extry for the same, and 
pay two dollars therefor ; and for every disagreement between his 
manifest and cargo he is liable to a fine of $500. ('99, Sec. 57.) 

Merchandise destined for delivery at different districts must be dis- 
tinctly set forth on the manifest. ('99, Sec. 23.) 

Merchandise unladen without permit from the proper Officers of the 
Customs, is forfeited (except it be satisfactorily proved to the Collector, 
to have been an unavoidable oecessity), and the master and mate, each, 
forfeit $1,000. ('99, Sec. 27.) 

Foreign vessels, on entry, must produce manifests of cargo, and cer- 
tificate of Consul of nation to which they belong, of the deposit of 
their papers with him. ('99, Sec. 28; Mar. 3d, '17.) 



46 

No vessel will be permitted to an entry, until the master shall have 
delivered to the Post Master all letters directed to persons within the 
United States ; the master is liable to a penalty, for breaking bulk before » 
such delivery, not exceeding $100. (Mar. 3d, '25, Sec. 1.) 

Entry of Vessels from Foreign Ports. 

It is necessary that the manifests (two copies) of vessels from foreign 
ports should be made out before arrival— within four leagues of the 
coast, in order to be presented to the Boarding Officer upon arrival. 
They should include every thing on board; and, after stating the cargo 
laden at the port of departure, if there should be any return cargo, it 
should then be added under that head. If there are any surplus stores, 
these should then be particularized; and, finally, the passengers' names, 
individually, with the number of packages of baggage belonging to 
each— the whole to be signed by the master. ('99, Sec. 23.) 

Where there are passengers, a separate list (besides the names on each 
manifest) will also be necessary, which must specify the names, ages, 
sex, occupation, country to which they severally belong, and of which 
they intend to become inhabitants, and whether any, and what number, 
have died on the passage. (Id.) 

If any part of the cargo is to be landed at a different port than the 
first one of entry, it must be so stated in tht i noise that 

privilege will be lost, and the cargo required to be lauded at the first 
port of entry. (Id.) 

The captain will be particular to have his crew mustered by the 
Boarding Officer, upon arrival, in order to the cancelling of the bond 
given for their safe return. (Feb. 28th, 1803.) 

The arrival must be reported to the Collector, by the master, within 
TWEXTY-Foun hours thereafter; and within forty-eight hours after 
arrival the vessel must be entered. Penalty for neglect or omission, 
81,000. ('99, Sec. 30.) 

The master of every vessel arriving from a foreign port, having on 
board any spirits, wines, or teas, whether as cargo or as sea stores, must, 
within forty-eight hours after arrival, make a report thereof, in writ- 
ing, to the Surveyor, on pain of forfeiture of $500 and the spirits not 
reported. 

The register and crew list must be deposited with the Collector, on 
entry of vessel. (Id.) 



47 



No goods, wares, or merchandise, subject to duty, can be imported 
into the United States, on the seaboard, in vessels of less than thirty 
tons burden, under the penalty of the forfeiture of the vessel and 
cargo. ('99, Sec. 92.) 

Clearance of Vessels for Foreign Ports. 

Every shipper must clear his goods at the Custom House before the 
vessel can clear. 

Before clearance, the shippers, owners, or consignors of the cargo 
must deliver to the Collector manifests of their respective portions of 
the cargo, under oath, setting forth the kind, quantity, and value of 
each article, and the foreign port where it is to be landed. (Feb. 10th, 
'20, Sec. 11.) 

The vessel's manifest must be made, after the same form, and include 
all the particulars therein contained. 

Before departure for a foreign port, the master of every vessel must 
deliver to the Collector a manifest of his whole cargo, and the value 
thereof, and obtain a clearance, under penalty of $500. ('99, Sec. 93.) 

In case any part of the cargo consists of goods subject to inspection 
by the laws of the State, a certificate of inspection must be produced 
previous to clearance. ('99, Sec. 93.) 

Before a clearance is granted to an American vessel, bound on a for- 
eign voyage, the master shall deliver to the Collector a list of his crew, 
under oath or affirmation, and shall receive a certified copy of the 
same, and enter into bond, with security, to exhibit said copy to the 
first Boarding Officer, at the first port in the United States at which he 
shall arrive. (Feb. 28th, 1803. Sec. 1; Mar. 1st, '47, Sec. 6.) 

He must also deliver the original shipping articles, and obtain from 
the Collector a certified copy thereof. (July 2d, '40, Sec. 2.) 

If there is any change of owner or master, notice thereof should be 
given, at least the day previous to clearing, in order that the register 
may be indorsed or a new one issued. ('92, Sees. 14, 15.) 

If there is any cargo brought in the vessel, not to be landed, a Permit 
must be obtained to retain the same on board, several days before clear- 
ing, as the Inspector discharging the vessel cannot make his return with- 
out it; and, without his return, the vessel cannot be cleared. When 
cleared, the captain will receive his register, crew list, clearance, bill of 



48 

health, and shipping articles, if it be an American vessel ; or, if it be a 
foreign vessel, a clearance and bill of health, upon presenting which to 
the Consul of his nation, he will receive all other necessary papers. 

Inquiry should also be made, a day or two previous to clearing (in 
case of vessels last from foreign ports), whether the return of the inward 
cargo corresponds with the manifest, as delays may otherwise occur in 
settling discrepancies, which to adjust, may and does frequently detain 
vessels from clearing, when the hurry is great, and consignees are anx- 
ious to get their vessels to sea. ('99, Sec. 55.) 

A vessel licensed for the fisheries, intending to trade at any foreign 
place, must obtain permission from the Collector of the port whence 
she departs, deliver a manifest, and comply with all the requisitions of 
the laws applying to vessels engaged in foreign trade. If found within 
three leagues of the coast, with foreign goods on board of the value of 
$500, without such permission, she will be forfeited. (Feb. 18, '93, 
Sec. 21.) 

Steamships or other vessels of the United States, duly registered, may 
engage in trade between one or more ports of the United States, with 
the privilege of touching at one or more foreign ports during the voy- 
age, but they must conform to all the laws regulating vessels engaged 
in the foreign trade, as well as to the laws governing vessels employed 
in the coasting trade. (May 27th, '48.) 

Vessels engaged in the Whale Fishery must be registered: and, in 
entering or clearing, must comply with the laws governing vessels en- 
gaged in the foreign trade. They are not required to pay hospital dues, 
and their seamen are not entitled to the benefits of the United States 
Marine Hospital. (April 4th, '40; Feb. 28th, 1803; T. R., Art. 772.) . 

In all vessels of the United states, engaged in the foreign trade, the 
officers and two-thirds of the crew must be citizens of the United States, 
or not subjects of any foreign prince or State. (March, '17. Sec. 6.) 



49 
SECTION XI. 

TARES. 

In all cases where the original invoice is produced at the time of mak- 
ing the entry thereof, with the tare specified therein, the Collector, or 
Collector and Naval Officer, if such officer there be, may, in his or their 
discretion, and with the consent of the consignees, estimate the tare 
according to the invoice, otherwise the real tare is to be allowed. 

The schedule of tares annexed is the tare to be allowed in all cases 
where the invoice tare is not adopted as hereinbefore prescribed : pro- 
vided, that the Collector shall have the right at any time to test the tare 
on any importation where, in his opinion, the real tare may vary from 
the tare in the schedule annexed. 

Should any consignee or importer enter a protest in due form of law 
against the enforcement of any one or more of the tares as herein set 
forth, the Collector will in all such cases adopt the real tare, to be ascer- 
tained in the usual manner. (Tariff Act, July 14, 1862, Sec. 16; Circular 
January 24, 1863.) 

Schedule of Tares prescribed for the Government of the 
Collectors of Customs and others interested. 

Almonds Bales, 2i per cent; bags, 2 per cent; frails, 8 per cent. 

Ai.cm 10 per cent, for casks; coarse or ground alum in sacks, 

2 pounds each. 

Baeytes 3 per cent. 

Cheese 10 per cent, for casks or tubs. 

Cassia 9 per cent, for mats. 

Coffee, Rio Single bags, 1 per cent. ; double bags, 2 per cent. All 

other coffee actual tare. 

Cinnamon Bales, 6 per cent. 

Cocoa Bags, 2 per cent ; ceroons, 8 per cent. 

Chiokoet Bags, 2 per cent. 

Coppeeab Casks, 10 per cent. 

Cubbants Casks, 10 per cent. 

Hkmis Manilla, 4 pounds to each bale; Ilamburg, Leghorn, 

Trieste, 5 pounds to each bale. 
Indioo 10 per cent, for ceroons. 



50 



Melado 11 per cent. 

Nails Bags, 2 per cent ; casks, 8 per cent. 

Ochre Dry in casks, 8 per cent ; in oil in casks, 12 per cent. 

Peruvian Bark. 10 per cent, for ceroons. 
Paris White .. .10 per cent, for casks. 

Pepper Bags, 2 per cent; double bags, 4 per cent. 

Pimento Bags, 2 per cent. 

Eaisins Boxes, 25 per cent; £ boxes, 27 per cent; J boxes, 29 

per cent; frails, 4 per cent; casks, 12 per cent. 

Pice ...Bags, 2 per cent. 

Spanish Brown. Dry in casks, 10 per cent; in oil in casks, 12 per cent. 
Sugar Hogsheads, 12£ per cent ; tierces, 12 per cent ; barrels, 

10 per cent; boxes, 14 per cent; bags, 2 per cent; 

mats, 2£ per cent. 

Salt Fine in sacks, 3 pounds for each sack. 

Teas Duty to be levied on the net number of pounds as per 

invoice, when from China or Japan. All others 

actual tare by weight. 
Tobacco Leaf in bales, 10 pounds each bale ; bales with extra 

covers, 12 pounds each. 
Whiting In casks, 10 per cent. 



51 



SECTION XII. 

SYNOPSIS OP THE LAWS REGULATING THE COASTING 
TRADE AND FISHERIES, APPLICABLE TO THE PA- 
CIFIC COAST OF THE UNITED STATES. 

[February 18th, 1793, March 2d, 1819, and May 7th, 1822.] 

Vessels of five and less than twenty tons must be licensed, and vessels 
of twenty tons and upwards must be enrolled and licensed. ('93, Sees. 
1, 4, 6, 26, 34.) 

Owners and masters must be citizens of the United States. (Id. Sec. 4.) 

The license, which is granted for one year, may be exchanged at any 
time within the year, and must be surrendered and renewed within three 
days after its expiration; or, if it expires while the vessel is at sea, 
within three days after her arrival. The license also expires when the 
employment specified in it is changed. When there is any change of 
ownership, or alteration in the rig or size of the vessel, the enrollment 
and license expire. Penalty for neglect or refusal to surrender license 
when it expires is $50. (Id. Sees. 4, 5, 9, 10, 32.) 

When there is any change of ownership, or alteration in the rig or size 
of the vessel, and the papers are not renewed, foreign tonnage duty will 
be exacted and the owners be held liable to forfeit $500. ('92, Sec. 14.) 

When the license expires while the vessel is without her proper dis- 
trict, without change of ownership, it must be exchanged for a tempo- 
ral-)/ certificate of registry, which must be surrendered only to the Col- 
lector of her home district, within ten days after her arrival therein, 
under a penalty of $100. 

The master should renew his license before departure when it is liable 
to expire before the return of the vessel to the port where she belongs. 
(T. R. Art. 48.) 

Vi issels, engaged in the Coasting Trade or Fisheries without papers, are 
subject to a foreign tonnage duty (one dollar per ton) in every port of 
arrival in the United States, if laden with the products or manufactures 
of the United States only (distilled spirits excepted), or in ballast; and 
if laden with any foreign goods or distilled spirits, are subject to forfeit- 



52 



ure, together with the tackle, apparel, and furniture, and cargo belong- 
ing to the masters, owners, or mariners of such vessels, or on which the 
duties have not been paid or secured. ('93, Sees. 6, 33.) 

If any enrolled or licensed vessel shall proceed on a foreign voyage 
without first surrendering her enrollment and license, and being regis- 
tered, she shall be forfeited. ('93, Sec. 8.) 

The name of the vessel and of the port to which she belongs must be 
painted on her stem in white letters, not less than three inches long, on 
a Had: ground, under a penalty of $20. (*93, Sec. 11.) 

Every change of master (except ferry-boats) must be reported to the 
Collector of the Port and indorsed on the enrollment or license. Neg- 
lect to procure such indorsement subjects the new master to a penalty of 
$ 10, and the vessel to the payment of the same fees as a registered ves- 
sel. ('93, Sec. 12.) 

Captains are required to exhibit their papers when the same are 
demanded by an Officer of the Revenue. Penalty for refusal $100. ('93, 
Sec. 13.) 

The master of a licensed vesssel of twenty tons or upwards, bound 
from one collection district to another upon the Pacific coast, or of a 
licensed vessel of less than twenty tons, bound from a collection district 
in one State to a collection district in the same or an adjoining State, 
having on board more than 500 gallons of distilled spirits, or 250 gallons 
of wine in casks, or 100 dozen of wine in bottles, or 3,000 pounds of 
sugar, or 500 pounds of tea, or 1,000 pounds of coffee, or more than $400 
in value of foreign merchandise, in packages, as imported, or more than 
$800 in value of foreign merchandise of any kind, including any or all 
of the articles before mentioned, the duties on which have been paid or 
secured, must clear, before departure, and enter before unlading any 
part of the cargo, if there be any Collector or Surveyor residing within 
five miles of the place of departure or arrival. If any goods have been 
taken on board or landed since the vessel cleared, the master must 
make it known when he enters. If there is no Collector or Surveyor 
residing within five miles of the place of arrival, the master may unload ; 
but at the next place of arrival, where such officer may so reside, he 
must deliver his manifest and enter within twenty-four hours. Penalty 
for neglect to clear or enter is $100. ('93, Sees. 14, 15.) 

When any such licensed vessel has on board distilled spirits or foreign 



53 



goods less than the specified quan titles e>r values, the master is not required 
to clear or enter within the aforesaid limits, but he must be prodded with 
a manifest, by Mm subscribed, of all the cargo on board, and exhibit 
the same when required ; or, if the cargo be wholly products of the 
United States (distilled spirits excepted), forfeit $20; or, if any part of 
the cargo be distilled spirits or foreign goods, forfeit $40. If the master 
refuse to answer the interrogatories of a revenue officer truly he shall 
forfeit $100. Foreign goods or spirits distilled within the United States, 
found on board the vessel and not included in the manifest exhibited by 
the master, shall be forfeited. ('93, Sec. 18.) 

The master of a licensed vessel of twenty tons or upwards, trading 
between a collection district on the Atlantic coast and a collection dis- 
trict on the Pacific coast, or of a licensed vessel of less than twenty tons 
bound from one collection district to another on the Pacific coast, ex- 
cept in the same or an adjoining State, must clear and enter, whether 
laden with cargo or in ballast. The penalty for departure without 
clearing, if the cargo be wholly the products of the United States, dis- 
tilled spirits excepted, is $50 ; and, if any part of the cargo be distilled 
spirits or foreign goods, the penalty is $100. ('93, Sec. 16.) 

Penalty for neglect or refusal to enter, within twenty-four hours after 
arrival, is $100. Any foreign goods or distilled spirits found on board, 
or landed from such vessel, not on the certified manifest, shall be for- 
feited; and if they amount to $800, the vessel, tackle, etc., shall be for- 
feited. ('93, Sec. 17.) 

Registered vessels with cargo, or in ballast, must always clear and 
enter. ('93, Sec. 20.) 

Duplicate manifests of the whole cargo, subscribed by the master, 
specifying the packages and contents, marks and numbers, shippers and 
consignees and their residences, or if there be no cargo, stating the fact, 
are required to clear a vessel coastwise. The certified manifest, or permit, 
obtained on clearance, or duplicate manifests, if the vessel was not 
cleared, must be presented to rater a vessel coastwise. 

The master of a vessel, licensed to carry on the fisheries, intending to 
touch and trade at any foreign port, must obtain permission from the 
Collector before departure, delivering like manifests and making like 
entries as if engaged in foreign trade. Neglect to obtain such permis- 
sion subjects the vessel and foreign cargo to forfeiture. ('93, Sec. 21.) 



54 

When a coasting vessel puts into a port other than the one to which 
she is bound, the master must report to the principal officer of the port 
his arrival within twenty-four hours, if he continue so long. Refusal 
subjects him to a fine of $20. ('93, Sec. 22.) 

The master of a vessel having on board distilled spirits or foreign 
goods, who shall have lost his certified manifest, must give bond for the 
payment of the duties thereon, which may be canceled by the produc- 
tion of the certificate of the Collector of the port whence the cease] 
sailed that such goods were legally exported therefrom in such vessel. 
('93, Sec. 23.) 

Foreign vessels cannot engage in the coasting trade, but may proceed 
from district to district upon a special permit. Tenalty for proceeding 
without such permit is $100. ('93, Sec. 24.) 

Any person assaulting, resisting, obstructing, or hindering any rev- 
enue officer in his duties, for which no other penalty is provided, shall 
forfeit $500. ('93, Sec. 31.) 

Any licensed vessel, transferred in whole or in part to a person not a 
citizen of and resident within the United States at the time of such 
transfer, shall be forfeited. ('93, Sec. 32.) 

Any licensed vessel found employed in any other trade than that for 
which she is licensed, or with a forged or altered license, or making use 
of a license granted to any other vessel, shall, with her appurtenances 
and cargo, be forfeited. ('93, Sees. 5, 32.) 

Boats and lighters not masted, or if masted and not decked, employed 
in the harbor, are exempt from the foregoing regulations. ('93, See. 37.) 

Masters of vessels must furnish, at the time of renewal of papers, a 
true account of the number of seamen and of the time they have sever- 
ally been employed on board, and pay twenty cents per month (hos- 
pital money) for each. Penalty for rendering a false account is $100. 
(Act July 16, 1798.) 

Vessels belonging to Sacramento, Benicia, Stockton, Monterey, San 
Diego, or San Pedro, or any other port within the State of California, 
where there is a resident Inspector, will renew their licenses at such 
ports. (L.)